The agricultural year in Israel begins in the autumn (after the harvest festival of Tabernacles) with plowing and sowing. Harvests in Israel begin in spring in the month of Adar (February/March). The following harvest times in ancient Israel are obtained from the Readers Digest book entitled Jesus and His Times, pages 100-101.
|Months||Weather||Crops & activity|
|Tishri 7th month(Sep/Oct)||First rains||Plowing begins|
|Heshvan 8th month(Oct/Nov)||Plowing / grain planting|
|Kislev 9th month(Nov/Dec)||Grain planting continues|
|Teveth 10th month(Dec/Jan)||Main rains|
|Sebat 11th month (Jan/Feb)|
|Adar 12th month (Feb/Mar)||Spring rains||Almond in bloom / flax harvest|
|Aviv 1st month (Mar/Apr)||Barley harvest begins|
|2nd month (Apr/May)||Barley harvest completed|
|3rd month (May/Jun)||Dry season||Wheat harvest begins|
|4th month (Jun/Jul)||Wheat harvest completed / first figs|
|Av 5th month (Jul/Aug)||Summer heat||Vintage (grape harvest) begins|
|Elul 6th month (Aug/Sep)||Date harvest / summer figs|
From the above, one can see that the harvest season in ancient Israel began in Adar (Feb/March) and continued by stages into autumn. The barley harvest began in March-April: the first sheaf being cut and waived in the middle of Aviv, which could be any time between 21st March and the middle of April. It is the same in modern Israel.